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Alcohol and its effects on Body Every Alcoholic Should know this.

How much Alcohol a person can drink according to their age

 While the occasional alcoholic beverage is unlikely to be harmful to your health, excessive drinking can significantly affect your body and wellbeing.

You might be curious as to when drinking becomes unhealthy for you and how much is too much.

The effects of alcohol on your health are discussed in this article along with intake guidelines.


Alcoholic Party image


Alcohol Intake Recommendations:

  • The recommended alcohol intake and standard drink sizes vary by nation.
A normal American beverage has about 14 grams of pure alcohol in it, which is equivalent to 12 ounces (355 mL) of regular beer, 5 ounces (150 mL) of wine, or 1.5 ounces (45 mL) of spirit.
While there are typical drink sizes, keep in mind that alcohol percentage might vary depending on the beverage, such as when consuming an India pale ale (IPA) beer or a higher proof liquor.

  • The Dietary Guidelines for Americans, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the U.S. Ministry of Health Services all recommend up to one drink per day for women and up to two drinks per day for men as the recommended daily limits for moderate drinking.

  • According to research, just 2% of people who use alcohol within these limits have an alcohol use disorder.

  • Binge drinking, heavy drinking, alcoholism, or alcohol dependency are all examples of problematic drinking.

  • Binge drinking is defined by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) as having four or more drinks for women and five or more for males on the same occasion, that is, simultaneously or within a few hours.

  • Binge drinking on five or more days in the previous month is considered heavy drinking or heavy alcohol usage.

Alcoholism, on the other hand, is the inability to manage alcohol, obsession with using it, and persist through negative effects.

SUMMARY

 One drink per day for women and two drinks per day for males is considered moderate alcohol consumption. Alcoholism, heavy drinking, and binge drinking are all examples of alcohol use disorders.


The physical effects of alcohol


Drinking too much has an impact on virtually every organ and system in your body. It can influence your emotions and conduct in addition to harming important organs.

Liver

  • Another negative effect of chronic binge drinking is liver damage.

  • Your liver is where most of the alcohol you consume is processed. This generates potentially dangerous chemicals that can injure the cells in your liver. Your liver gets sicker if you keep drinking over time.


  • The earliest stage of alcohol-induced liver damage is known as alcoholic fatty liver disease. Over time, this condition can develop when drinking too much alcohol causes your body's liver cells to develop fat, which can affect liver function.

  • Up to 90% of persons who regularly consume more over 5 drinks per day may develop this, which is the most frequent physical reaction to chronic alcohol use.

  • Fatty liver disease can gradually progress to liver inflammation, cirrhosis, and possibly liver failure, which is a life-threatening illness, as frequent drinking continues.

Brain

  • Alcohol abuse can have a terrible impact on your central nervous system.

  • How much and how often you drink, when you started drinking, your sex, and other factors influence how and to what extent it affects your brain.

  • Alcohol has a number of initial negative effects on the central nervous system, including speech slurring, memory loss, and impaired hand-eye coordination.

  • Numerous studies have linked memory problems and strong alcohol usage over time.

  • Alcohol abuse poses a significant threat for acquiring Alzheimer's disease, particularly in women.

  • Additionally, it's predicted that 10% of cases of severe dementia may be caused by alcohol-related brain damage.

  • Chronic and heavy drinking can permanently harm brain function, even if brain damage appears to be partially reversible after a longer period of sobriety.

Dependency

  • Alcohol use can have physically and mentally addictive effects.

  • Common indications of alcohol dependence include having a compulsive drive to drink, worried about where or when you'll get your next drink, and having trouble having fun without alcohol.

  • This dependency's root causes can be extensive. Your surroundings can have a significant impact on it, even though genes and family history may have some influence.

Other effects

  • Chronic alcohol usage has numerous more negative consequences. While individual health impacts vary, drinking is frequently connected to depression and anxiety.

  • Some people use alcohol as a quick cure to improve their mood and relieve anxiety, but this usually only provides short-term respite. In the long run, it might harm your mental and physical health.

  • Drinking can also have an impact on your weight and body balance.

Though data on the impact of alcohol on weight is conflicting, both moderate and heavy drinking has been associated to weight increase.

SUMMARY

While moderate alcohol use is healthy for most people, excessive alcohol consumption and abuse can be harmful to your physical and mental health.

Alcohol metabolism is influenced by your gender and heredity.


The rate at which your body metabolises alcohol might be affected by your gender and heredity.

Alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase are the key enzymes involved in alcohol metabolism (ALDH)

ADH activity is frequently lower in women than in men. Women may therefore metabolise alcohol more slowly, leaving them more susceptible to its effects. However, some men also have low ADH activity.

The effects of alcohol on your body can also change depending on your body type.

For example, on average, women's bodies contain more fat and less water than men's bodies. Even if women consume the same amount of alcohol that males do, this could lead to higher blood alcohol content in them.

SUMMARY

Your body's ability to process alcohol is influenced by your sex, genes, and body type. Perhaps than males, women are more susceptible to its effects.

Some people should refrain from drinking alcohol


The majority of people normally don't suffer any negative effects from the occasional alcoholic beverage. However, drinking should be avoided in particular circumstances and among particular groups of people.

Breastfeeding and becoming pregnant

  • There is no safe threshold of alcohol consumption during pregnancy, according to research.

  • Alcohol usage during pregnancy increases the chance of miscarriage, birth abnormalities, and cognitive and developmental issues, according to numerous research.

  • According to one study, the likelihood of birth abnormalities is four times higher if the mother drank extensively during the first trimester.

  • Alcohol use during pregnancy is the number one avoidable cause of developmental impairments, intellectual disability, and birth defects in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

  • It's crucial to remember that alcohol can enter breast milk if the mother is nursing.

  • After drinking, breastfeeding women should wait until all traces of alcohol are gone from their breast milk. Depending on your body size, this takes each drink between two and five hours.

Other precautions

Other safety measures Additional justifications for not drinking alcohol include:


  • Medications:- Alcohol may interact with over-the-counter herbal remedies and prescription drugs, such as opiates, antidepressants, and antibiotics.

  • Medical conditions:- Preexisting medical disorders like liver disease, diabetes, and kidney disease may get worse with alcohol use.

  • Current recovering alcoholics:- It might be challenging to recover from an alcohol use disorder. Alcoholics in recovery should entirely cut out alcohol and stay away from anything that makes them feel unsafe.

  • Underage Drinking:- Underage drinking, particularly heavy and frequent consumption, has been linked to both immediate and long-term implications.

SUMMARY

Birth abnormalities are more likely when alcohol is consumed during pregnancy. If you are underage, take certain medications, or have certain previous medical issues, it is advised that you refrain from drinking.

The conclusion

  • While moderate drinking is generally harmless, heavy and prolonged alcohol use can seriously harm your physical and mental well-being.

  • Defining alcohol intake guidelines is challenging because alcohol metabolism is influenced by a variety of factors and each person reacts differently to alcohol.

  • According to the American Dietary Guidelines, women should consume no more than one drink per day and men should consume no more than two.

  • However, some people should absolutely avoid alcohol, such as those who have specific medical issues and pregnant women.

Trusted Source-   www.Health.gov

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